In the space of around 40 years, 1/5 of the primary forest in the Amazon has been destroyed, causing unprecedented environmental imbalances, chasing countless species from their habitats, depleting land and destroying biodiversity. Why? To allow human beings to fulfil needs related to today’s world.
Forests play a variety of roles, such as regulating the climate, contributing to the water cycle, protecting and maintaining soil quality, serving as a habitat for many different plant and animal species, acting as a rich and crucial biodiversity reserve and providing food and building materials for humans. These multifaceted roles make forests key to preserving the earth’s ecological balance.
*European Commission, The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity, 2010